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Archipenko was known for his abstract sculpture. He developed the ideas for these sculptures through more representational figure drawings such as this one.
This drawing probably dates to 1937–38, when the artist was associated with Chicago’s New Bauhaus School. The Chicago school was the heir to the original contemporary art and design school of that name in Germany, which closed under pressure from the Nazis in 1933.
Archipenko, while living and working in Paris in 1913, exhibited Cubist sculpture at the Armory Show. He immigrated to the United States ten years later.