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In the 16th century, drawings by the best draftsmen were commissioned to be engraved, but the relationship between this drawing and its engraving are unrecorded. Even the names of the draftsman and engraver, which typically appear beneath the engraved image, are not present, leaving only the supposition that this is Salviati’s drawing and Cornelius Cort’s engraving, both working in Rome around 1550.
It is possible that the drawing was copied from the engraving as was common practice among students, but the greater liveliness of the drawn image of the Greek mythological figure of Medusa suggests that it came first.
Paul Drey Gallery, New York, New York; William H. Thompson; given to the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana not the Indianapolis Museum of Art in 1947.