Indianapolis Museum of Art: Highlights of the Collection (2005)
By the 1600s, Chinese porcelain was widely known among Europeans, who considered it as precious as gold. Yet the secret of its manufacture eluded them until 1709, when Johann Friedrich Böttger, an alchemist indentured to Augustus the Strong, elector of Saxony and king of Poland, created a highly glazed, translucent white porcelain. Böttger yearned for his freedom, but his discovery was so important that it was an affair of state and, much to his chagrin, he was appointed the first director of the Meissen Porcelain Manufactory-the first in Europe to produce hard-paste porcelain objects.
The IMA's plate dates to the early years of the Meissen operation, when its most beautiful works were those decorated in enamels under the direction of Johann Gregor Herold, or Höroldt, who was in charge of the painting department until his retirement in 1765. Among other surface ornamentation, Herold introduced chinoiserie, the decorative motifs based, as the name suggests, on Chinese and other Asian themes, for which Meissen became famous. The IMA's plate, decorated with chinoiserie elements in the center and European landscape and harbor scenes around its rim, is associated with the work of Christian Friedrich Herold, or Höroldt, one of the major artists at the manufactory and possibly a cousin of Johann Gregor. The reverse of the plate displays Meissen's trademark crossed swords in underglaze blue.
[I]n one sense [Böttger] made gold, because the great [sales] of that ware bring a great deal of money into the country. -Baron Carl Ludwig Von Poellnitz, 1737
Please complete the following questions to further improve the image files and metadata made available to Newfields users. If you select Scholarly or Commercial as the Intended Use you will be prompted to provide additional details about your specific use in order that the Newfields can retain the record of how image reproductions of works in its collection are utilized.
Public domain collection images downloaded from the Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields collections website should be credited: "Courtesy of the Indianapolis Museum of Art at Newfields." Additional caption information is provided with the downloaded image files and image use contracts, if applicable.
If you require a high quality TIFF file for your publication or product, please complete the Image Request Form.