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Barnaba da Modena was the foremost painter in late 14th-century Genoa, an artistic outpost of Siena. His conservative style, with its extensive use of gold, is unusually expressive. The crowded composition is divided into distinct figure groups marked by incongruities of scale and animated by lively gestures: the anguished Magdalene at the foot of the Cross, the swooning Virgin, and the quarreling soldiers who cast lots over Christ's robe. The redemptive significance of Christ's death on the Cross is emphasized in the unusual detail of the soul of the Good Thief borne aloft by angels. The soul of the Bad Thief is carried away by a demon.