Cox used soft brushwork and a pastel palette to createa romanticized interpretation of Indianapolis in the 1860s. The pioneers in the lower left could be a family about to begin the arduous transformation of the frontier, but Cox paints them in a quiet moment. The log bridge in the composition’s center reinforces the idea of transition from wilderness on the left to the productive farmland in the distance. This painting may depict a stretch of Fall Creek where the Illinois Street Bridge is now. Cox frequently sketched along the banks of the creek, and the press praised him for making that area "classic to the art lovers of the city."