Chase completed Woman in White during his annual summer retreat to Long Island. He draws attention to the model’s smart seasonal attire through his loose brushwork and his bright palette, accented by pink and green. The light colors contrast with the darker, Munich School–inspired palette the artist employed in Study of a Young Woman, which is more characteristic of his style.
Chase painted this as a demonstration piece for his students at the Shinnecock Hills Summer School of Art in 1902. Once believed to be Chase’s eldest daughter, Alice Dieudonnée, the sitter more closely resembles his longtime pupil and occasional model Kate Freeman Clark, whom he painted at least three times.