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三島の玉川美人図, from 六玉川
Minamoto Shunrai (1055–1129) linked fulling (cleaning and thickening) cloth to the Tamagawa (Crystal River) in Mishima in his poem:
The sound of the Autumn winds blowing through the pines / adding to the loneliness / the pounding of fulling cloth at Tamagawa.
Shunrai echoed an 8th-century Chinese poem by Li Bo, Autumn, which describes lonely wives fulling cloth long into the night while their soldier husbands are away guarding the frontier. The delicate faces, elegant poses, and intricate kimono patterns indicate that the beautiful women—more than the poem—are the main subject here.
Purchased by the Indianapolis Museum of Art in 2000.