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Stirling Castle on its isolated crag has always been the most strategic stronghold in Scotland guarding the border between the Scottish Lowlands and the Highlands. It was the site of many battles, most memorably at Stirling Bridge where William Wallace led the Scots in a route of the invading English in 1297.
Turner included both historic and contemporary notes in his panorama. Beneath the castle he shows Old Stirling Bridge across the River Forth, the site of the battle, and the adjacent New Stirling Bridge, built in 1831 from a design by Robert Stevenson, the grandfather of the author of Treasure Island.